Students protest against fees hike

      An estimated 50,000 students attend central London rally, during which windows were smashed at Tory HQ

    Student fees protest - photos from the route

    As the students on the Demo 2010 march snake their way along the Thames, we bring you the latest pictures

    Student fees protest: 'This is just the beginning'

    • Tory HQ attacked as demonstration spirals out of control
    • 35 arrested and 14 injured in violent clashes at Millbank
    • Police admit being caught out by scale of student action

    A wing of the protest turned violent as around 200 people stormed 30 Millbank, the central London building that is home to Tory HQ Link to this video
      Tens of thousands of students took to the streets of London today in a demonstration that spiralled out of control when a fringe group of protesters hurled missiles at police and occupied the building housing Conservative party headquarters.

    Tonight both ministers and protesters acknowledged that the demonstration – by far the largest and most dramatic yet in response to the government's austerity measures – was "just the beginning" of public anger over cuts. Police, meanwhile, were criticised for failing to anticipate the scale of the disorder.

    An estimated 52,000 people, according to the National Union of Students, marched through central London to display their anger over government plans to increase tuition fees while cutting state funding for university teaching. A wing of the protest turned violent as around 200 people stormed 30 Millbank, the central London building that is home to Tory HQ, where police wielding batons clashed with a crowd hurling placard sticks, eggs and some bottles. Demonstrators shattered windows and waved anarchist flags from the roof of the building, while masked activists traded punches with police to chants of "Tory scum".

    Police conceded that they had failed to anticipate the level of violence from protesters who trashed the lobby of the Millbank building. Missiles including a fire extinguisher were thrown from the roof and clashes saw 14 people – a mix of officers and protesters – taken to hospital and 35 arrests. Sir Paul Stephenson, Met police commissioner, said the force should have anticipated the level ofviolence better. He said: "It's not acceptable. It's an embarrassment for London and for us."

    While Tory headquarters suffered the brunt of the violence, Liberal Democrat headquarters in nearby Cowley Street were not targeted. "This is not what we pay the Met commissioner to do," one senior Conservative told the Guardian. "It looks like they put heavy security around Lib Dem HQ but completely forgot about our party HQ."

    Lady Warsi, the Tory party chair, was in her office when protesters broke in. She initially had no police protection as the protesters made their way up the fire stairs to the roof. Police who eventually made it to Tory HQ decided not to evacuate staff from the building but to concentrate on removing the demonstrators.

    The NUS president, Aaron Porter, condemned the actions of "a minority of idiots" but hailed the turnout as the biggest student demonstration in generations. The largely good-natured protest was organised by the NUS and the lecturers' union the UCU, who have attacked coalition plans to raise tuition fees as high as £9,000 while making 40% cuts to university teaching budgets. The higher fees will be introduced for undergraduates starting in 2012, if the proposals are sanctioned by the Commons in a vote due before Christmas. The NUS president told protesters: "We're in the fight of our lives. We face an unprecedented attack on our future before it has even begun. They're proposing barbaric cuts that would brutalise our colleges and universities."

    Inside parliament the deputy prime minister, Nick Clegg – the focus of much anger among protesters for his now abandoned pledge to scrap all tuition fees – came under sustained attack, facing 10 questions on tuition fees during his stand-in performance during prime minister's questions. He said there was consensus across the parties about the need to reform the system.

    Labour's deputy leader, Harriet Harman, said the rise in fees was not part of the effort to tackle the deficit but about Clegg "going along with Tory plans to shove the cost of higher education on to students and their families". She said: "We all know what it's like: you are at freshers' week, you meet up with a dodgy bloke and you do things that you regret. Isn't it true he has been led astray by the Tories, isn't that the truth of it?"

    Meanwhile one student won an unexpected concession from the coalition yesterday. In answer to a question from a Chinese student during his trip to China, David Cameron said: "Raising tuition fees will do two things. It will make sure our universities are well funded and we won't go on increasing so fast the fees for overseas students … We have done the difficult thing. We have put up contributions for British students. Yes, foreign students will still pay a significant amount of money, but we should now be able to keep that growth under control."

    Additional reporting by Rachel Williams and Matthew Taylor

    Police caught out by peaceful student protest that turned violent

    Student leaders condemn violence as protesters smash windows and scale roof of Tory party headquarters
    Student protesters wave from the roof of 30 Millbank,  home of Conservative Party headquaters
    Student protesters wave from the roof of 30 Millbank, home of Conservative Party headquaters. Photograph: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images
    The defiant text message from student protesters who had reached the roof of the Conservative party's headquarters was sent at 3.04pm.

    "We stand against the cuts, in solidarity with all the poor, elderly, disabled and working people affected," read the message, quickly circulated among a thousand rioting students in the forecourt below, who had run out of windows to smash and gathered around smouldering fires.

    "We are against all cuts and the marketisation of education. We are occupying the roof of Tory HQ to show we are against the Tory system of attacking the poor and helping the rich. This is only the beginning."

    If that proves to be true, the coalition government will be bracing itself for the type of violent unrest that has not been seen in the UK for decades.

    The chaotic scenes in the lobby of 30 Millbank this afternoon, where brawling protesters overpowered thin lines of police, was unprecedented for a student protest, and considerably worse than the damage to an RBS building by activists at last year's G20 demonstration.
    Office workers were evacuated from the building as windows were shattered with rocks and sticks and CCTV cameras were ripped from the ceiling. Parts of the building were ransacked; protesters used furniture for fuel on bonfires outside. For about an hour the violent rampage bore all the hallmarks of a riot.

    The Metropolitan police, who had been briefing reporters on the eve of the march to expect "nothing out of the ordinary" from the demonstration, had clearly been overwhelmed. The scale of the demonstration became apparent hours earlier, when tens of thousands gathered near Trafalgar Square at midday for a march intended to take them along the Embankment, past Westminster to Millbank, where they were told to gather for speeches.

    The Met had been told to expect 15,000 protesters, and briefed journalists the night before that the National Union of Students, which co-organised the march with the University and College Union, may have inflated their numbers.

    At it turned out, the figures were an underestimate. Hundreds of coaches had been booked to draft protesters in from across the country and packed crowds stretched the length of Whitehall, with just 225 police officers lining the pavement to deal with any unrest.

    The march was seemingly good-natured as it snaked past the House of Commons to benign chants of, "No ifs, no buts, no education cuts". Repeated attempts at "sit-downs" to block the roads around Parliament Square lasted only a few minutes. Protesters became angry at one of their own when a green smoke canister hurled toward police struck a tourist instead.
    Police may not have known it, but word had quickly spread through the crowd that the Tory headquarters would be the target of an "action". Around 1.15pm a breakaway group of 200 or so activists stormed the Millbank building complex by the Thames, which contains the Tory party's HQ and a few government agencies. The NUS condemned the violence, saying it had not been planned.

    Whoever did orchestrate the violent occupation, it did not go to plan, as activists initially entered Millbank Tower – the wrong building. Minimal security meant that minutes later they left easily and sprinted across the road to the building that houses the Tory party and barricaded themselves inside.

    About 1,000 activists congregated in a courtyard outside, starting fires with burning placards and shouting chants of "Tory scum". Eggs, sticks and bottles were thrown at a thin line of police blocking the entrance, and officers were unable to prevent repeated crowd surges.
    They were overpowered at least six times. On each occasion dozens of protesters forced their way in. At least 14 people were taken to hospital with minor injuries, police said. Several police suffered head wounds.

    Once inside, protesters took the lift to the third floor, got on to the roof and used chairs to smash windows from the inside. "We were in the courtyard [of Millbank] and people were smashing through the glass to get into the building and saying 'Come in', so we just went into the building," said Olivia Wedderburn, 18, from east London.

    "Then there was an opportunity to go up the stairs so we thought 'Oh we'll do that', so we went up there. There were only about 20 or 30 people going up the stairs, but on the way up the whole staircase was flooded – they had pulled down a fire hose and flooded all the floors. All the windows were getting smashed, everything was getting smashed up all around."

    She added: "They were mainly young students, [with] just a couple of older guys who looked like old-school anarchists." As night fell and territorial support group "snatch squads" began hauling activists out, large segments of the crowd turned against the occupiers of the building.

    Many expressed dismay at the violence and when a fire extinguisher was hurled at police from the roof, chants condemning the coalition were replaced with an even louder chorus from the crowd below of "stop throwing shit".

    NUS president, Aaron Porter, tweeted: "Disgusted that the actions of a minority of idiots are trying to undermine 50,000 who came to make a peaceful protest."

    Summarising the sentiment of those who began walking away from the Millbank, which was strewn with broken glass and graffiti, Scott Sygrove, 18, from Bournemouth, said: "Protest is absolutely fine, but breaking windows is over the top. "We're all pissed off – pardon my French – but they are causing a lot of damage and frustration. This will only make things worse. Violence is not the answer to a peaceful protest."

    From 6pm, the remaining groups of protesters in the courtyard were corralled in so-called "kettles" and arrested in small numbers. A chunk of the crowd moved to Parliament Square, where students carrying duvets said they planned to set up an "education camp".

    Sebilio Uribe, 24, said: "We want to show that this a peaceful, proactive way to bring our message to the government and show we can organise and mobilise. "We aim to stay here for as long as possible until this government listens to the 50,000 students who have marched today."

    A small group who remained in the ransacked lobby of Conservative HQ showed similar determination. One young woman did her make-up just feet from a uniformed riot officer. Another held up a sign reading: "We are hostages to the police. We are fine but want pizza, lower uni fees."

    At the student protests, the ancient cry of 'Tory scum' once again echoed out

    It is a cosy cliche of demonstrations that the 'unrepresentative minority' spoil a good-tempered protest. Today this was true
    Students and teachers gather in central London to protest against university funding cuts.
    Students and teachers gather in central London to protest against university funding cuts and Government plans to charge up to £9,000 per year in fees from 2012. Photograph: Steve Parsons/PA
    Right on cue, exactly six months into David Cameron's premiership, the ancient British roar of "Tory scum" echoed across central London again. In honour of the coalition's deal on higher tuition fees, student protesters spliced their message with cheerful abuse of Nick Clegg. After almost 100 years of apathy Lib Dems can hold their heads high – hated at last.
    It is a cosy cliche of demonstrations that get out of hand that the kind of "unrepresentative minority" which attacked the Millbank Tower and its squat neighbour, 30 Millbank, had spoiled an otherwise good-tempered protest. Today this was true.
    Nobody riots in the rain, so the weather must share some blame. As hundreds of student buses converged on central London the sun shone provocatively from a blue sky. Streams of students poured into the Strand, the LSE contingent louder, as usual, than those from nearby UCL. "Banks don't cure disease", declared one gentle placard; "Science is more useful than duck islands" and "Ancient Norse is not a luxury," said others.
    The aggressive note struck by the inevitable Socialist Workers party's "F**k the Fees" poster was a hint of things to come, although the SWP asterisks hinted at tactical restraint in a way that the chant "Nick Clegg/We Know You/You're A Fucking Tory Too" did not.
    Shoppers, bemused tourists and non-graduate building workers in hard hats showed little hostility. David, a graphic designer from Devon, who has been "paying more than my fair share of tax" since graduating in 1966, was disdainful: "There is no such thing as free education. It is paid for by our taxes."
    In Trafalgar Square an irate bus driver confessed: "I was sympathetic until they blocked my bus. Where are the police?" Good question. Parliament itself, key Whitehall ministries and Lib Dem HQ in Cowley Street were well protected, but this was a decidedly under-policed demo – until it was too late.
    The first and more violent Grosvenor Square demo against the Vietnam war in 1968 attracted a reported 60,000, the poll tax riots of 1990 three times as many, the Chartist demo in 1848 even more. Yesterday's estimates ranged from 30,000 to 50,000, angry but polite. Diane Wheeler, a sixth-form teacher from Milton Keynes, carried a banner on behalf of her students. "Mrs Wheeler says No to higher tuition fees", it read.
    The students of 2010 seem much better dressed than the soixante-huitards. Old ideological certainties have also faded, but the crowd reflected the multicultural face of modern Britain. There were brand new Oxbridge scarves ("only six of us from St Anne's: I'm afraid everyone's too busy working"), six busloads from Canterbury's assorted campuses and four teenagers from Manchester sporting neat hijabs and a "Don't Crush My Dreams" poster.
    Creative arts students seemed especially fearful that their courses might be axed. Public school students ("my father's a diplomat, so I can afford the extra fees") declared solidarity with talented but poorer colleagues who might be squeezed out. "Cut fees – or we'll cut off your balls", declared the poster held by a young woman in pink trainers.
    The idea was that, after lobbying MPs – Cheltenham's Martin Horwood was the only Lib Dem MP to risk venturing outside – the throng would arrive outside Tate Britain for stirring speeches from the NUS leadership, many of whom will be MPs too in due course.
    But the unrepresentive minority had heard that the Millbank complex (in an earlier building the birthplace of Tony Benn) housed the Tory party HQ. Bare-chested, masked and armed with staves, they set about smashing windows. Why? "Tory HQ, property of the capitalist state, mate," explained one. Anarchists, street gangs, Trots or undercover police provocateurs – plenty of theories about the assailants' identity bounced around the crowd.
    Few took part, but many cheered. Inevitably they broke into both buildings. Eggs were thrown along with looted flowers. "Some twats have just decided to spoil it for the rest of us," cried Dan Hamilton, a mature student from Leicester. Only when the vanguard had reached the roof and started throwing things ("that's a fire extinguisher, completely out of order") did the Met's tactical support group appear in sufficient numbers to get a grip.
    Outside the Tate a female police officer nursed a badly bleeding head, a colleague a sharp blow to her face. Seven protesters were hurt too.
    Leaving their banners outside, some opted to duck out of the ruck and into the Tate's tranquillity for soup of the day (£3.85) and this month's special exhibition: the 18th-century Romantics – another group of frustrated young people breaking free of their elders. It seemed appropriate.

    PwC:英國舉債上癮 5年後政府負債恐達161兆美元

    鉅亨網編譯張正芊 綜合外電  2010-11-10 19:15:40
    國際會計師事務所普華永道 (PwC,PricewaterhouseCoopers) 周二 (9 日) 發布報告預估,英國政府總負債水準,至 2015 年恐大增 33%,達 10 兆英鎊 (161 兆美元),對英國長期經濟成長構成威脅。

    PwC 在報告中指出,未來 5 年英國消費者、企業、銀行業及政府都將增加負債。屆時財政負債相當於國內生產毛額 (GDP) 的比例,將由目前的 67% 大增至 77%;而英國民眾總負債金額,將達到 GDP 的 5.4 倍。

    過去 10 年來,房產相關貸款及金融同業間的放款,已讓英國家庭及企業負債激增。此外,受到經濟衰退衝擊,英國政府稅收減少,同時仍需大行開支,以紓困金融業並刺激經濟,造成公共負債也大增。

    PwC 首席經濟學家 John Hawksworth 在聲明中警告:「英國對於債務上癮,已到達令人擔憂的水準」。他表示,這個問題遲早都得解決;或是透過巨幅刪減負債,但這恐怕會刺激另一場經濟衰退;或是比較可能背負一再加重的借貸成本度日,而這恐將影響未來數十年的經濟成長幅度。

    PwC 並認為,英國政府計畫實行的大規模財政緊縮措施,可能會影響經濟成長,且雖然「應可讓利率更長一段時間維持在低點」,但最終貸款成本仍必須反彈。

    Hawksworth 指出,目前格外低的利率水準,無法永遠維持;「大部分 (英國) 家庭及企業的貸款,仍暴露於房產及商業地產價格進一步下跌的風險之下」。 


    英美兩國領袖「哈亞洲」 歐巴馬與卡麥隆的東遊記

    • 英國首相卡麥隆與美國總統歐巴馬,並肩朝亞洲新興大國找尋合作機會。(圖/美聯社)


    (2010/11/10 13:46)


    南韓首爾G20高峰會尚未開幕,英美兩國領導人不約而同的順道造訪亞洲各大國。歐巴馬造訪印度、印尼、日本,而英國首相卡麥隆則是選擇了中國大 陸,不外乎就是為了建立貿易夥伴並強化經濟合作關係。英美兩國領袖的「哈亞洲」東遊記,再度凸顯了金融風暴之後的重心轉移,以及蓬勃發展中的亞洲經濟體不 容小覷的發展前景。

    歐巴馬印度行短短3天,就替美國簽下100億美元合約、間接製造5300萬個工作機會;面對印度送上的大禮,歐巴馬也以「支持印度爭取聯合國常任 理事」為回禮。歐巴馬隨後造訪童年故鄉印尼,即使停留不到24個小時,但面對這個全球最大的穆斯林國家,歐巴馬還是很有效率地與印尼總統舉行雙邊對談,簽 訂「全面夥伴關係協定」(Comprehensive Partnership Agreement),以促進兩國經貿與保安合作。




    由於這是在劉曉波獲諾貝爾和平獎後,首度有西方領袖造訪,外界好奇卡麥隆是否會在與中國大陸國務院總理溫家寶會面時提及敏感的人權問題。雖然面對 輿論壓力,但卡麥隆仍以經貿合作為重點,在提及「中英兩國對人權以及政治自由有不同的見解」後,卡麥隆接著表示,不會因此對中國大陸「說教或威嚇」,並強 調這番談話也不代表「英國在道德方面高人一等」。






    英國政府徵1000名中文老師 年收入百萬以上











    英國央行: 通貨膨脹率2012年年初或跌至2.0%目標水平下方

    鉅亨網新聞中心 (來源:世華財訊) 2010-11-10 20:00:16


    綜合媒體11月10日報導, 英國央行(Bank of England)貨幣政策委員會(Monetary Policy Committee,MPC)周三(11月10日)暗示,無需立即采取新一輪的刺激措施,但保留實施刺激政策的可能性;英央行預計通貨膨脹率2012年年初將降至2.0%的目標水平下方。



    美聯儲(U.S. Federal Reserve)上周就新一輪的量化寬松政策進行投票,決定在6月底之前購買6,000億美元的長期國債,但英央行選擇維持其政策立場不變,因英國經濟最近數月的增長速度快於預期。




    2010年11月7日 10:04
    來源:中國廣播網 選稿:張侃理



    編輯:原來在歐盟的各個成員國當中,英國的移民政策是最寬鬆的,從1997年的工黨政府執政以來,英國政府對外來移民一直採取著敞開大門的態度,但是在給英國經濟做出貢獻的同時,移民還是對英國的住房、醫院、教育和交通等公共服務帶來了嚴峻的挑戰,具體表現在首先是住房嚴重緊缺,從 1997年到2009年,英國凈流入移民數量220萬人,其中光是去年一年凈流入移民就達到了19萬6千人。英國新聯合政府上臺後承諾,到2015年之前把這個數字減少一半。為了實現這個目標,英國政府就設定了技術移民的上限,今年6月提出的臨時上限目標是每年發放24100個技術移民簽證,固定上限數量將會在明年四月份提出來。另外,為了限制不符合要求的移民涌入,英國政府還準備推出一個新的英語考試計劃,能夠感覺到實行這樣一個移民上限以後,移民數量從每年19萬下降到2萬多,降幅非常大,移民英國也將會困難得多。


    編輯:實際上從24100臨時上限在今年6月實施以來已經遭到了英國銀行和跨國企業的強烈抨擊。另外在英國政府內部也傳出了以商業大臣為首的反對的聲音,他提出警告說移民上限將會損害企業雇人的能力,他的反對意見得到了保守黨幾個部長的支援。對此英國首相卡梅倫宣佈將推出一個新的創業簽證,鼓勵有好的生意頭腦和雄厚財力的海外企業家到英國創業。此前卡梅倫也已經表示,跨國公司的僱員不受政府移民上限的限制,也就是說跨國公司僱員內部轉調到英國的話不受移民上限的限制。不過這個人才戰略還是遭到了質疑,一份報告就顯示,在抽樣調查1184名海外移民當中,只有1/4的人在真正從事高技術工作,29%的人都是從事低技術的工作,比如店員、超市收銀員、保安和呼叫中心的工作人員等等,其中有些人已經在英國工作了將近一年,但是他們必須擁有 25000英鎊的年薪才能繼續延簽。另外還有46%的高技術移民資料不詳,不知道他們現在的工作情況,而且英國移民大臣也表示,海外移民從事低技術職業使得英國這類就業市場飽和,這些工作崗位原本是屬於廣大的英國人民的,通過高技術移民途徑來到英國的人,應該做適合他們本職的工作,而不應該成為進入低技術就業市場的方式,他說相關部門還會對此進行討論,重新制定每年高技術移民的人選和人數的上限。但是有技術移民就認為,英國社會對外來技術人員的接納度很低,有技術難找工作的現象在技術移民的群體當中也是十分的普遍。
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